Circumcision Male circumcision is the partial or complete surgical removal of the foreskin. Circumcision is often carried out for religious, cultural, hygienic or aesthetic reasons and is rarely medically indicated. It is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures worldwide. Reasons for Circumcision Religious circumcision is most prevalent in Judaism and Islam. Circumcision may also be recommended or necessary for medical reasons. Possible indications include a tight foreskin (phimosis), paraphimosis, chronic inflammatory diseases of the glans and foreskin (balanitis) such as Zoon’s balanitis (balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis) or carcinoma. Many men and women also find a circumcised penis to be more aesthetically pleasing than an uncircumcised penis. Sexual response can also be affected by circumcision. The sensitivity of the glans can often be reduced following circumcision, counteracting premature ejaculation. Non-acutely indicated surgical removal of the foreskin should only be carried out based on the individual’s intrinsic conviction. The operation - Circumcision A distinction is made between the complete and partial removal of the foreskin. In addition, various procedures such as circumcision of the outer and/or inner foreskin have different visual results (low & tight, high & tight, low & loose, high & loose). The most suitable method should be discussed with the doctor during the consultation. Circumcision can be performed under local or general anaesthesia and takes about 30 minutes. Possible, but very rare complications include postoperative bleeding, infection, swelling, loss of normal sensation or allergic reaction to the anaesthetic.