Hair loss affects both men and women. There are many different types of hair loss, with causes that are often of a genetic nature. A predisposition to baldness is inherited from both parents.
Hair loss in men
Hereditary baldness or androgenetic alopecia is the most common form of male hair loss. Genes and male sex hormones are responsible in this case. Shrinking of the hair follicles is caused by dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a metabolite of testosterone. Hair on the back of the head and the body is less sensitive to DHT. This is why this hair does not fall out, in contrast to hair on the side, top and front of the head.
Hair loss in women
The most common form of female hair loss is also androgenetic alopecia. It mainly affects the top of the head. After the hair falls out, the root produces a new, shorter hair. Over time, an almost invisible “peach fuzz” develops and the hair thins out even more. Women are frequently faced with this problem for the first time during menopause. If symptoms occur earlier, this may be an indication of a hormonal disorder. In this case, a medical examination by a family doctor, gynaecologist or thyroid specialist is recommended.